Photovoltaics (PV) is a method of generating electrical power by converting solar radiation into direct current electricity using semiconductors that exhibit the photovoltaic effect.
Crystalline silicon includes monocrystalline silicon and polysilicon, used for the manufacture of semiconductor devices, solar cells, etc.
A solar cell (also called a photovoltaic cell) is an electrical device that converts the energy of light directly or indirectly into electricity by the photoelectric or photochemical effect. The most prevalent material for solar cells is silicon.
Solar photovoltaic system
A solar photovoltaic system is composed of solar cells, solar controller, battery (group), which can be classified into off-grid power generation system and on-grid power generation system.
A photovoltaic inverter, also called power supply regulator, converts the variable direct current (DC) output of a photovoltaic (PV) solar panel into a utility frequency alternating current (AC) that can be fed into a commercial electrical grid or used by a local, off-grid electrical network. Based on different purposes, photovoltaic inverters can be divided into stand-alone inverters and grid-tie inverters.
Building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV)
Building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) are photovoltaic materials that are used to replace conventional building materials in parts of the building envelope, making solar photovoltaic power generation combined with buildings.